The great Italian artists of the 16th and 17th centuries need no introduction: Raphael, Titian, Tintoretto and Caravaggio. Yet inevitably when we compile these lists, we’re thinking about the work of men. When we turn to the work of women artists in the Italian High Renaissance and Baroque, we begin to face numerous and often difficult questions. Were there any, and how much of their painting survives? What kind of work might they have executed, and under what conditions? Why do we hear so little about them?